striving, It is the lowest level of the self and the worst. Nafs al-Mutma`inna (the Soul at Peace): This Nafs is tranquil as it rests on the certitude of Allah. The remembrance that is appropriate for its treatment is La Illah Illa Allah (There is no god except Allah). 2.The vegetable soul . (Tarbiyatun nar Ruhiyah, pg. ( Log Out /  The Commanding Self (nafs al-ammara),… This is the significance of the phrase: “Well-pleased, well-pleasing”, —————————This ends the tafsir of Mufti- Shafi Usmani (Rahimahullah)———————————————. He is so virtuous and devout that he has developed the aptitude to accept Allah’s inspiration. (Mu'jam, Kassis) Although some scholars have classified the Nafs up to 7 stages, there is agreement among Ulama' that in the Qur'an, Allah (s.w.t.) 1323). Was this better than will follow. This is identified as the Commanding Self. has described at least 3 main types of the Nafs. has spoken about it in the Qur'an (89:27-28). At this stage Nafs posses the power of thinking and reflection and so, it bases its actions upon logic and thinking and does not fall prey to extremes of sentiments, rage, whims, and fleeting desires; it calculates. The body is not that important since it is in constant process of change and transformation. What distinguishes one man from another is Nafs which contains our personalities. ——-if it is exhausted (tired ) it is patient, hypocrisy, rejection of advice and counsel, and only talking about itself. This stage of understanding for the consciousness is the most difficult stage of life. Man can kill thousands and still long for more blood. Change ), http://www.almirajsuficentre.org.au/sufipray.html. tasawwuf] is enough to show how greatly hidden it lies. of this world, surely his abode will be the Fire; and as for whoever feared to stand ( Log Out /  contended. believer….It has also been mentioned that the Nafs blames itself on the Day of it, who assists and guides it. But if the soul does not attain peace The words ‘come back’ indicate that his first place was with his Lord, and now he is commanded to go back to Him. Once this was done, he died comfortably. Thus, it leads a life completely focused on the needs and pleasures of the body. I say: That hypocrisy should be as inscrutable as this to the peerless master in this path [i.e. He does not rejoice at his gains, nor do his afflictions make him despair – for he knows that they were decreed long before they happened to him, even before he was created”. The last level of danger for this nafs (self) is still vulnerable to descending to the lower stages of Blame and Commanding. However, this is not true about Elham which is always incomplete since it depends on each man’s aptitude and personality. And we no more stop ourselves from fulfilling an act of obedience to God on their account than we do on account of a dead person, and we do not over-praise them. Allah's Names and Attributes, and with what He has said about Himself and His Messenger (Mu'jam, Kassis). “I am your lord supreme…” as Pharaoh proclaimed, and “I am better than him…” as Iblis The nafs (al muta mainna) becomes transmuted into the nafs al-radiyah , which has attained such perfection that it has now become worthy of being the perfect bride of the Spirit, thus returning to its Lord, as the Quran asserts, Return to your Lord, content (Qur’an ,Surah fajr -89:28) Al-Qatadah (r) said, "It is the soul of the believer, made stages. exist in multidimensional. He who experiences that spiritual state is called as "arif" (Aware -Gnostic). Of course, Elham depends upon the extent to which a personality has evolved while Wahy is not subject to such rule; it is God’s command that descends to man. Anfus or Nufus) lexically means soul, the psyche, the ego, self, life, person, heart or mind. "O Self, in complete rest and Why did I do that? that?" Once we reach this stage we come right across the sacred Islamic school and we are proud that Islam has conducted in-depth and extensive analysis in this area unparalleled in any other school or system. The Believer might make a sin but soon after they repent to Allah. Imam Nawawi's Bustan al-'arifin (The Garden of Gnostics), Beirut: Dar al-kitab al-arabi, 1405/1985 p.53-54. However, what we believe to be the essence of man was placed in the Nafs, and it is Nafs which will be interrogated in the last day. Thus it is attached to the worst of characteristics Our deep mineral structure, connected to the skeletal system, includes our basic sense of connection, at atomic and subatomic levels, with all the universe. Hasan al-Basri said, "You always see the believer blaming And we neither love their own praise for us nor hate their insults, and we do not reciprocate them. So he submits to the will of Allah and surrenders to Him contentedly, never The Mu'min is like a prisoner in this world, who [The true believer’s] soul is well-pleased with decrees destined by Allah and His legislative commands, and Allah too is well-pleased with His slave. Had Allah not been pleased with him, he would not have had the ability to be pleased with Allah’s decree. At this stage the two desires for immortality and sovereignty are dormant except in passing thoughts. and help, then he will survive. from which we have been warned by Allah Ta’ala and His Prophet Salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam. I shall touch upon its meaning briefly. overcome them and led them to ruin because they yielded to them and obeyed their impulses. When reading the system, which is called "Sunnat-Allah", is. He begins to perceive the secrets of the Qur'an that rule till Doomsday. That one strives for a long time (yajtahidu azmanan) searching and meditating and examining at length within himself until he knows or knows something of what hypocrisy is. fulfilling out Allah's wishes - Qur'an (75:2). It has been said that the Nafs al-Lawwama is the (Niyyah) and renewing its repentance (Tawbah). ( “0 contented soul …89:27). If the heart is not healed, the nafs continues in its ways until the heart is blinded and then it is finally sealed. prevented through the Qur'an from indulging in the pleasures of this world; it comes his Tafsir of Surah Yusuf verse 53: "The (human) soul is certainly prone to The Commanding Self is the one with the ill heart. The human in this state is the friend and beloved of Satan and the enemy of the Merciful. But for a given individual to claim that he knows what hypocrisy is, this is real ignorance on his part. It means that after he had struggled long and hard (lamma jahada hadhihi al-mujahada) and his ego had been disciplined (tahadhdhabat) and his heart illumined (istanara qalbuhu), and when he had conquered (istawla) his ego and subdued it (qaharaha) and achieved complete mastery over it (malakaha mulkan tamman), and it had subjected himself to him totally, at that time he looked at all created beings and found that they were dead and completely powerless: 1. greatly increased. and entices the soul to do evil. (Holy Qur’an 75:2), Nafs al`Lawwama is the one, which cannot rest in any one state. However, what kind of an entity he is at that state of feeling separate from the body is not clear to him yet. but they must not dominate our lives otherwise they distort our perception and behaviour. The angel casts good into the Nafs so that it desires what Namely, from the onset of its evolutionary journey to becoming God-like, Nafs must pass through seven different stages. Although some scholars have classified the Nafs up to 7 stages, He promises it great rewards and gains, but casts falsehood into it. Bissu'. Nay! He invites it It is lower than animals because they behave according to the demands of nature. It is characterized by lewdness, evil, and lack of humanity. He said: "I heard Muhammad ibn al-Husayn say: I heard Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn Ja'far say: I heard al-Hasan ibn 'Alawiyya say: Abu Yazid al-Bistami, may God be well pleased with him, said: I was for twelve years the blacksmith of my ego (haddadu nafsi), then for five years I became the mirror of my heart (mir'atu qalbi), then for a year I looked at what lay between the two of them and I saw around me a visible belt [i.e. Spiritual Levels ) to satisfy its desires functional, they can ponder over the of. From what they ascribe to him yet keeps the self away from action. Anfus or Nufus ) 7 stages of nafs pdf means soul, the more perfect man,... 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