Before the arrival of European explorers and settlers, Harkers Island was inhabited by Native Americans of the Coree tribe, who likely spoke a language of the Algonquian family, like most coastal tribes. Harkers Island retains its original small town appeal – with a year-round population that hovers around 1,200 – but it has certainly become more popular with vacationers who appreciate the quieter side of the Crystal Coast. North Carolina Life and Language Project (2006). The body of water directly south of the island is Back Sound. Islanders continued to use the Banks for livestock grazing, including sheep, goats, cattle, and horses. The road and the post office were connected to the mainland by a ferry service until the Earl C. Davis Memorial Bridge was built in 1941. The island became known as Harkers Island soon after his death. Harkers Island Road, designated as State Road 1335, connects the island to the mainland by the Earl C. Davis Memorial Bridge, a steel swing bridge built in 1968 to replace a wooden bridge built in 1941. Electrification came to the island in 1939. [5] The island was first charted on the maps drawn by John White during the 1584 expedition, but it was unnamed at the time. Zachariah Harker developed a salt works on the western third of Harkers Island in 1776. From delicate coastal treasures to pirate-themed gifts that will delight the youngest members in the family, the Shack Shoppe is an all-encompassing destination for a wealth of coastal goodies. The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,125, and the median income for a family was $35,492. [15] The man who primarily owned most of the property on Harkers Island at this time was Earl Davis. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10.0 km2), of which 2.2 square miles (5.8 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.2 km2), or 41.76%, is water. You can view the. Visitors of all ages will have a blast at this destination that is designed for great times along the Crystal Coast shoreline. The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.56% White, 0.33% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. In 1906, arsonists burned the meetinghouse to the ground. The businesses in the latter category are almost entirely associated with boat building, boat repair, and boat storage. [18] There are no hospitals on Harkers Island. Harkers Island and the surrounding area remained under Union control for the duration of the war. Electricity came along in 1939. The creation of the park also ended the open grazing of livestock on the Banks by December 31, 1985. History of Harkers Island Harkers Island was occupied by Native Americans who stemmed from the Coree tribe for centuries before the first European explorers arrived in the late 1500s. Harkers Island was occupied by Native Americans who stemmed from the Coree tribe for centuries before the first European explorers arrived in the late 1500s. Despite these advancements, (and a new wave of interest from second homeowners and retirees in the late 20th century), the island retained its small town feel throughout the generations – an atmosphere that continues today. Harkers Island gradually became more connected to North Carolina and the world at large early in the 20th century. A new LDS meetinghouse was constructed on the island in the 1930s. There are also a number of local charter boat and tour companies that are locally owned and which depart from Harkers Island for inshore fishing expeditions, area cruises, offshore charters, and / or all of the above. The demographic of Harkers Island varies greatly, and includes second homeowners and retirees, as well as natives and generations-old locals who still carve out a life by the water. Prohibited from farming or ranching the land for profit, Stevens eventually sold his half of the island back to his uncle on June 9, 1737, for just £180.[10]. The 1720 lease to a Captain Stone was £3 a year. [6], On December 20, 1707, Farnifold Green obtained the first patent for land in the Core Sound area from the Lords Proprietor of the Carolina colony, which had been established by the English monarch Charles II in 1633. [6], As many as 500 islanders on Harkers Island are directly descended from the Harkers Island and Outer Banks settlers that developed this distinct dialect. He owned slaves, sired five children, and split up his holdings among his family members on his death in 1762. Ferry service from Harkers Island is one of the principal means of tourist access to Cape Lookout and the Shackleford Banks. In addition to telling the history of local waterfowl and the traditions of decoy carving, the museum operates exhibits of local historical interest. Some bay areas on the north side of the island have been developed for harvesting cultured shellfish. World War II turned Harkers Island into a front-line target, when German submarines sank merchant shipping traffic, especially oil tankers, shooting flames into the sky that could be seen from miles away. The storm ravaged the Banks' protective sand dunes, and washed away nearly all of the top soil. Real Estate (888) 737-5983 Retreating storm surge and heavy rainfall combined to carve out a new channel in the Banks, separating the Core Banks from the Shackleford Banks near the Cape Lookout Lighthouse. In 1584, an English expedition financed by Sir Walter Raleigh and led by Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe explored the North Carolina coast for a suitable site for the first English colony in North America. Harkers Island is located south of the center of Carteret County at 34°41′40″N 76°33′19″W / 34.69444°N 76.55528°W / 34.69444; -76.55528 (34.694503, -76.555383). The island had gone from being one of the smallest communities in Carteret County to one of the largest.[5]. Words beginning with "i" frequently receive a prefix aspirated "h": "it" becomes "hit". Dinnertime guests can choose from beef entrées, seafood dishes, Italian fare, and southern classics, as well as lighter sandwiches and dishes for smaller appetites. A herd of wild horses on the Shackleford Banks provided new colts every spring to those from Harkers Island who rounded them up. The restaurant features an inviting wood-lined interior that has a rustic and nautical appeal. The island appears on a 1624 map of the greater Virginia coastline created by Captain John Smith. Until ice became available in the 1920s, the primary commercial catch was mullet, which was caught near the beaches of Shackleford Bank and Core Bank and salted on shore. The Coree left little in the way of evidence of permanent habitation on Harkers Island, except for a large mound of oyster shells at Shell Point on the eastern end of the island. In 2013, the United States Census Bureau reported 22 business establishments on Harkers Island employing 107 people. Between 1895 and 1900, the population of Harkers Island expanded from 13 extended families to over 1,000 residents, making it one of the largest communities in Carteret County. Even graves in the local cemeteries were uprooted and disturbed. Located along the oceanfront inside the Inn at Pine Knoll Shores, the Clamdigger Restaurant is a convenient and popular spot for Crystal Coast vacationers to enjoy a hearty breakfast, lunch, or dinner. Words with "oi" substitute the pronunciation "er": "Toilet" sounds like "terlet". The storm was blamed for at least 21 fatalities in North Carolina (although none on Harkers Island) and an estimated $1 million USD of damage. Words with a short "a" substitute schwa: "crabs" become "crebs". [17] The Harkers Island census-designated place covers the entire island and extends slightly out into the surrounding water. Categories Towns. The island dialect has also retained anachronistic vocabulary in regular usage. Pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammatical constructions can be traced to eastern and southwestern England. [6] In the five years between 1895 and 1900, the population of Harkers Island expanded fourfold from just 13 extended families to over 1,000 residents. Telephone service finally arrived in 1948. In addition, Harkers Island visitors will be roughly a mile away from a National Park Service mandated passenger ferry service, which departs daily during the spring, summer and fall seasons to the shoreline of the Cape Lookout National Seashore. There are two small bays on the north side of the island, Westmouth Bay and Eastmouth Bay. Lost Treasure Golf and Raceway - Crystal Coast. (The Cape Lookout Lighthouse, which is lit up at night, can be spotted from the majority of soundfront homes along the region.). Words ending in a vowel are frequently suffixed with an "r". Real Estate (877) 281-4759 Tourism on Harkers Island is becoming a more important part of the local economy. The relationship between the Mormons on Harkers Island and their neighbors deteriorated. Local politics and the shorter distance to Straits likely dictated the final location of the bridge. German submarines patrolled the North Carolina coast and sank merchant shipping traffic, especially oil tankers. There are also 3-4 restaurants in Harkers Island, which specialize in local seafood and basic but appealing eats. According to local island legend, Wanchese was a Coree from Harkers Island. Rentals (866) 231-5892, 407 Atlantic Beach Causeway 6F & 6D, Atlantic Beach, NC 28512 Later renamed the Core Sound Decoy Festival, the event has attracted over 10,000 tourists to Harkers Island. Harkers Island remained sparsely populated until the latter part of the 19th century. Harker had immigrated to Massachusetts from England on a ship that set sail from Wales. Two Native Americans, Wanchese and Manteo, accompanied the expedition back to England in the fall of 1584. Free Grace Wesleyan Church. A new US Marine Corps Air Station built at nearby Cherry Point in 1941 created jobs. Three years later, another hurricane hit the Carolina coast, and this time the disaster for the residents of the Shackleford Banks was total. Formerly named Davers Ile and Craney Island, Harkers Island was occupied by Native Americans of the Coree tribe when the first European explorers arrived in the 16th century. [6] Some others moved to more sheltered locations on the coast, but most Shackleford residents remained on the Banks. [8] A small milling facility was built on the west end of the island in 1870 by Louie Larson, an immigrant from Norway, but it closed before the turn of the 20th century. Lunch patrons will enjoy a wealth of light appetizers, soups and salads, as well as a long list of sandwiches, and seafood dishes. Want to retire or move to the Crystal Coast? To the east is Core Sound, to the north is The Straits, and to the northwest is the mouth of the North River. With a long history of physical and economic isolation from mainland North Carolina, residents of Harkers Island and other Outer Banks islands, such as Ocracoke, have developed a distinct dialect of English, commonly referred to as High tider, that can be traced back to that of the Elizabethan period. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,790. [3] At its highest point, the island is 19 feet (5.8 m) above mean sea level, in an area known as the "sand hole", on the western end of the island, made up of mostly white sand on rolling dunes. [16], Conversion of the Banks to a national park brought much turmoil to Harkers Island. 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