He preferred sentimental themes and made several skilled works of women with faces covered by veils, one of which is now in the Louvre. [18], Desk for the Münchner Residenz by Bernard II van Risamburgh (1737), Clock-chest for Frederick the Great (1742), A Chinese porcelain bowl and two fish mounted in gilded bronze, France (1745–49), An encoignure by royal cabinetmaker Jean-Pierre Latz (circa 1750), Lacquered Commode in Chinoiserie style, by Bernard II van Risamburgh, Victoria and Albert Museum (1750–1760). This gown had the features of a bodice with large pleats flowing down the back to the ground over a rounded petticoat. This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 16:47. The word Rococo is derived from the French word rocaille, which denoted the shell-covered rock work that was used to decorate artificial grottoes. Asymmetrical design was the rule. [29][30] Neumann described the interior of the residence as "a theater of light". The stairway was also the central element in a residence Neumann built at the Augustusburg Palace in Brühl (1743–1748). The leading furniture designers and craftsmen in the style included Juste-Aurele Meissonier, Charles Cressent, and Nicolas Pineau.[23][24]. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [21] The style was used particularly in salons, a new style of room designed to impress and entertain guests. [42], Atlantides in the upper Belvedere Palace, Vienna, by Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt (1721–22), Assumption scene by Egid Quirin Asam (1722–23) former monastery church, Rohr in Niederbayern, El Transparente altar in Toledo Cathedral by Narciso Tomé (1721–32), Portal of the Palace of the Marquis de Dos Aguas, Valencia, Spain (1740-1744), Fountain of Neptune and Amphitrite Palace of Versailles, by Lambert-Sigisbert Adam and Nicolas-Sebastien Adam (1740), Fountain nymphs by Lambert Sigisbert Adam at Sanssouci palace, Prussia (1740s), The most elaborate examples of rococo sculpture were found in Spain, Austria and southern Germany, in the decoration of palaces and churches. Later, the 'pannier' and 'mantua' became fashionable around 1718, they were wide hoops under the dress to extend the hips out sideways and they soon became a staple in formal wear. Among the finest German Rococo pilgrimage churches are the Vierzehnheiligen (1743–72), near Lichtenfels, in Bavaria, designed by Balthasar Neumann, and the Wieskirche (begun 1745–54), near Munich, built by Dominikus Zimmermann and decorated by his elder brother Johann Baptist Zimmermann. Elements of the Rocaille style appeared in the work of some French painters, including a taste for the picturesque in details; curves and counter-curves; and dissymmetry which replaced the movement of the baroque with exuberance, though the French rocaille never reached the extravagance of the Germanic rococo. These fashions spread beyond the royal court into the salons and cafés of the ascendant bourgeoisie. Rococo, style in interior design, the decorative arts, painting, architecture, and sculpture that originated in Paris in the early 18th century. The gender associated with the name might be incorrect, as the data presents the record applications without being edited for errors. Like most of the Bavarian pilgrimage churches, the exterior is very simple, with pastel walls, and little ornament. Statistics Of The Name Rocco. It was built as a hunting lodge, with a platform on the roof for shooting pheasants. [16], The style often integrated painting, molded stucco, and wood carving, and quadratura, or illusionist ceiling paintings, which were designed to give the impression that those entering the room were looking up at the sky, where cherubs and other figures were gazing down at them. Many people believe that the name can affect success in life, through their children's working career and other circumstances, so they choose more “respectable” names or name meanings as they believe that the name meaning reflects the personality of the child. [31][32], Amalienburg pavilion in Munich by François de Cuvilliés (1734–1739), Hall of Mirrors of Amalienburg by Johann Baptist Zimmermann (1734–1739), Looking up the central stairway at Augustusburg Palace in Brühl by Balthasar Neumann (1741–1744), The Wieskirche by Dominikus Zimmermann (1745–1754), Interior of the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers by Balthasar Neumann (1743–1772), The Kaisersaal in the Würzburg Residence by Balthasar Neumann (1749–1751), Festival Hall of the Schaezlerpalais in Augsburg by Carl Albert von Lespilliez (1765–1770), Golden Cabinet of the Chinese Palace, Oranienbaum, Russia, built by Antonio Rinaldi for Catherine the Great (1762–1778), Johann Michael Fischer was the architect of Ottobeuren Abbey (1748–1766), another Bavarian Rococo landmark. [11], The term rococo was first used in print in 1825 to describe decoration which was "out of style and old-fashioned." The most extravagant rocaille forms were found in the consoles, tables designed to stand against walls. The Rococo decorative style reached its summit in southern Germany and Austria from the 1730s until the 1770s. Shortly after the typical women's Rococo gown was introduced, robe à la Française,[46] a gown with a tight bodice that had a low cut neckline, usually with a large ribbon bows down the centre front, wide panniers, and was lavishly trimmed in large amounts of lace, ribbon, and flowers. Although the theme is not Rococo in origin, it is written in Rococo style. Read our baby name articles for useful tips regarding baby names and naming your baby. The term Rococo is sometimes used to denote the light, elegant, and highly ornamental music composed at the end of the Baroque period—i.e., from the 1740s until the 1770s. Rococo fashion was based on extravagance, elegance, refinement and decoration. 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